Theory of Multiple Intelligences (M.I)

The theory of Multiple Intelligences (M.I.) was originally founded by Professor Howard Gardner of Harvard University over three decades ago and has since been carried out into many parts of the world.

Traditionally, intelligence is often defined as our intellectual potential and is commonly measured by fixed methods, such as IQ tests and examinations. However, current research indicates that intelligence is not merely a static structure but can also be measured in an open and dynamic system where children continue to develop throughout life.

According to Gardner’s theory, one form of intelligence is not better than another, as they are all equally valuable and viable. Yet, he discovered that different cultures are biased towards and against certain types of intelligence. These biases, added to the traditional theory of intelligence, have limited the development of curricula, instructional strategies, and current methods of assessment.

Recognizing this, R.E.A.L Kids is proud to adopt the concept of Multiple Intelligences into its preschool curriculum. Through M.I., we are able to develop an effective approach to nurture children and honouring their individual needs based on their strengths and areas of intelligence. As such, we at R.E.A.L Kids believe that every child is special and unique in their own right.

Learning How Children Learn Best

The theory of M.I. advocates that every person is smart, but at varying degrees of the M.I. scale. By broadening our view of intelligence and making opportunities available to every child, R.E.A.L Kids is able to leverage on the strengths of children as a means to complement their less developed areas. Essentially, there are 8 main types of ‘intelligence’ as outlined in M.I. These include:

Verbal Linguistic

Verbal Linguistic

This particular intelligence involves the ability to communicate and having the love to use language in a variety of ways, through oral or writing, as opposed to pictures.
Intrapersonal

Intrapersonal

Children have a strong sense of themselves as well as their wants and needs. They are self reflective and are thoughtful in making decisions about their lives.
Visual / Spatial

Visual / Spatial

Children with high visual intelligence process information best using pictures, visuals, and imagery. They have a sense of direction and an ability to think and plan in three dimensions.
Interpersonal

Interpersonal

Children with this intelligence process information by relating to others. They display a high awareness or sensitivity towards others’ feelings and intentions.
Logical / Mathematical

Logical / Mathematical

Children who display this intelligence are curious about how things work. They are able to carry out complex calculations, enjoy finding connection and patterns in shape and numbers.
Naturalist / Environmentalist

Naturalist / Environmentalist

Children with high appreciation towards natural wonders and phenomena are said to possess this intelligence. They see the connection within the natural world and display genuine care for the environment.
Musical / Rhythmic

Musical / Rhythmic

Children with high musical intelligence learn best through music, sound, and rhythm. They have high ability to perceive pitch, tone and rhythmic patterns.
Bodily Kinesthetic

Bodily Kinesthetic

This form of intelligence involves using body parts to communicate or express oneself, and the ability to coordinate bodily movements well.